Guide - Talking Shop

You may listen to your graphic designer nodding your head oblivious to what they are talking about when they talk 'shop'.

Here are some terms and descriptions that may help you in future conversations.

SERIF

A serif is the little stroke or curve at the ends of letters.

 

SANS SERIF

Sans means “without”, and a sans serif font does not include the extra stroke at the ends of the letters.

 

SCRIPT

Script typefaces are fonts or type based upon historical or modern handwriting styles.

 

HIERARCHY

The Hierarchy of a design is the navigation throughout the piece and the sequence in which your eye follows the content.

 

KERNING

Kerning refers to the space between two specific letters (or other characters: numbers, punctuation, etc.) and the process of adjusting that space improves legibility.

LEADING

Leading refers to the spacing between the lines. Leading is used when content that has multiple lines of readable text and ensures the distance from the bottom of the words above to the top of the words below has appropriate spacing to make them legible.

 

RGB

RGB is a colour model in which Red, Green, and Blue are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colours. RGB tends to be used for on-screen purposes.

 

CMYK

CMYK is a colour model that is used in the print process.

CMYK colours are Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (Key)

 

GRADIENT

A gradient is a gradual change from one colour to another or a colour fading into transparency. There are two main types of gradients: linear and radial.

 

OPACITY

Opacity is the making of an object transparent. The lower the opacity, the more transparent an element is. For example, 100% opacity means an object is solid.

 

RESOLUTION

The resolution of an image determines the quality. The higher the resolution, the higher the quality. A high-resolution image will be clear and crisp whereas a low-resolution image will feel a little pixelated and blurry.

 

SCALE

A graphic element can appear larger or smaller depending on the size, placement, and colour of the elements around it.

 

PIXEL

A pixel is a minuscule area of a screen. Pixels are the smallest basic unit of programmable colour on a computer and images are made up of many individual pixels.

 

RASTER

Raster images are made up of a set grid of pixels. This means when you change the size of stretch a raster image it can get a little blurry and lose some clarity.

 

VECTOR

Vector images are non destructive images that can scale in size without losing any quality. Unlike rasters, vectors won’t get blurry when scaled.

HIGH RESOLUTION  (Hi-Res)

300+ DPI (Dots per Inch) image.

 

LOW RESOLUTION  (Lo-Res)

72 DPI (Dots per inch) image. Used for Web because of low file size.

JPG

A JPG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality.

NO TRANSPARENCY

VARIED RESOLUTION

PRINT, WEB, EMAIL

PNG

Portable Network Graphics is a raster-graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was developed as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange.

Usually for the web 72 DPI . Transparent background

TRANSPARENCY

LOW RESOLUTION

WEB

PDF

Portable Document Format, used to display documents in an electronic form independent of the software, hardware or operating system they are viewed on.

TRANSPARENCY

VARIED RESOLUTION

PRINT

TIF
The TIF/TIFF file format is most commonly used for storing images, photography, or art. TIF files are most commonly used in professional environments and commercial printing. The TIF format is the most widely supported format across all platforms. It is the standard format for high quality images.

TRANSPARENCY

HIGH FILE SIZE

PRINT

GIF
GIF files are low resolution files most commonly used for web and email purposes. GIF files can be created with a transparent background.

TRANSPARENCY

LOW RESOLUTION

WEB

SIZES

A4 Usually used for business stationery, brochures, booklets .


A5 Commonly used for smaller items such as leaflets/flyers etc.
 

A6 The international postcard size.
 

A7 Labels etc

A1 33.1 x 23.4 inches - 841 x 594 mm

A2 23.4 x 16.5 inches - 594 x 420 mm

A3 16.5 x 11.7 inches - 420 x 297 mm

A4 11.7 x 8.3 inches - 297 x 210 mm

A5 8.3 x 5.8 inches - 210 x 148 mm

A6 5.8 x 4.1 inches - 148 x 105 mm

A7 4.1 x. 2.9 inches 105 x 74 mm

 

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